Lack of sleep; prolonged and abnormal difficulty in falling asleep; inability to sleep properly; asonia, insomnia. If you take more than 30 minutes to fall asleep can be a sign of insomnia.
The main symptoms of insomnia may include:
Difficulty falling asleep at night
Wake up at night
Wake up too early
Do not feel rested after a night’s sleep
Daytime tiredness or drowsiness
Irritability, depression or anxiety
Difficulty paying attention, concentrating on tasks or remembering something important
Increased risk of accidents
Concerns about sleep
A person with insomnia can often take 30 minutes or more to fall asleep and can sleep for only six hours or less from three nights a week for more than three months.
A change in sleeping habits and treating the underlying causes of insomnia, such as medical conditions or medications, can restore a healthy sleep pattern in many patients. If these measures do not work, your doctor may recommend medications to help with relaxation and re-adjustment of sleep.
diagnosis and exams
Seeking medical help
If you have symptoms of insomnia and they are hampering your daily activities and performance at work or studies, see a specialist to determine what may be causing the problem and how it can be treated.
At the medical appointment
Among the specialties that can diagnose insomnia are:
Being prepared for the appointment can facilitate diagnosis and optimize time. That way, you can already get the query with some information:
A list with all the symptoms and how long they have appeared
Medical history, including other conditions the patient has, and medications or supplements that he or she takes regularly
The doctor will probably ask a series of questions, such as:
Have you had trouble sleeping?
How many hours do you sleep at night?
Do you wake up easily at night?
Do you usually eat in large quantities before bedtime?
Do you make excessive use of caffeine, nicotine or alcohol?
Have you been through or through stressful times recently?
What are your nighttime habits?
Do you feel tired or unproductive during the day?
Has lack of sleep hampered your performance in daily activities, at work, or in school?
When did the symptoms start?
Do you use any medication? Which?
Have you ever been diagnosed with any other medical condition?
Have you taken any steps to relieve the symptoms? And it worked?
Diagnosis of Insomnia
In addition to asking you a number of questions, your doctor will look at your sleep pattern and daytime drowsiness. For this, you may have to keep a sleep diary for a certain period of time and then present it to the doctor.
He will probably also do a physical exam to look for signs of other problems that may be causing insomnia. Occasionally, a blood test can be done to check for thyroid problems or other conditions that may be behind the insomnia.
If the cause of insomnia is unclear, or if you experience signs of another sleep disorder such as sleep apnea or restless leg syndrome, you may need to stay overnight at a specialized center to examine and diagnose sleep disorders. There, tests are done to monitor and record a variety of bodily activities while the patient sleeps, including brain waves, breathing, heartbeat, eye movements and body movements as well.
Living together / Prognosis
No matter what your age, always keep in mind that insomnia has a solution. The key to treating the disorder lies precisely in adjustments in your routine during the day and when you go to bed. Good sleep habits help restore healthy sleep. Check out basic tips:
Exercise and stay active. Physical activity helps promote a good night’s sleep.
Check your medicines. If you take medications regularly, check with your doctor to see if they may be contributing to insomnia. Also, check the over-the-counter product labels to see if they contain caffeine or other stimulants.
Avoid naps during the day. Naps distributed throughout the day can make it difficult to fall asleep at night. If you are taking a nap, make sure it does not take more than 30 minutes and will not occur after three in the afternoon.
Avoid or limit your intake of caffeine and alcohol. Cut the use of nicotine. These substances are stimulants and can make falling asleep more difficult.
If you are experiencing pain, try to use analgesic. Being comfortable and relaxed is a must for a good night’s sleep.
Regulate your biological clock, set a fixed time to sleep and wake up always worrying about the amount of sleeping hours.
Time to sleep
Avoid large meals and drinks before