People always connect to malnutrition thin person, but an obese can have nutritional deficiency. Obesity and malnutrition are public health problems In addition to malnutrition, obesity has become a major concern of public health in Brazil. In earlier decades, Brazil had high rates of malnutrition. Now, more than half the adult population is overweight. Ana de Oliveira Parada, medical nutróloga the University Hospital of Brasilia (HUB), remember that when it comes to nutritional problems appearances can be deceiving. Often it turns the weight of the individual to the problem, when in fact the case is a little more specific.
“We have many adults with nutritional deficiency. They even consume a lot of calories, but no variety of nutrients. People always connect to malnutrition thin person, but we can have an obese with nutritional deficiency, that is, it is malnourished from the point of view of micronutrients and protein supply, “the medical flap. “There are many cases of overweight people who diet on their own and end up with serious nutritional deficiencies. She loses weight but also many nutrients in the process. And often it back to the original weight and does not recover the nutrients lost in that diet, “he adds.
Obesity Malnutrition X – public health problem
A major concern with overweight is that it increases the prevalence of chronic diseases associated with obesity such as diabetes and hypertension. According to the Vigitel research, the Ministry of Health, nearly 20% of Brazilians suffer from obesity.
“Obesity and malnutrition are nutritional diseases that may or may not be related to eating problems. Previously obesity and malnutrition were enxergadas as consequences. If the person had cancer, for example, it was normal to be thinner. If the person was obese, the problem was only a sedentary lifestyle. Today, the two are perceived as diseases, “explains Ana Parade.
Because of its magnitude and evolution of speed, excess weight – comprising overweight and obesity – is currently considered one of the greatest public health problems, affecting all age groups. But the problem can be avoided with some simple precautions that should start during pregnancy.
From pregnancy to adulthood
The mother may contribute to the care of your child in relation to malnutrition or obesity since their pregnancy. “The mother need to have a proper and healthy eating and physical activity. These attitudes will encourage your child’s health in the long run. And after the child is born, the mother must feed her only breast milk until six months of life and continue breastfeeding up to two years old. Nor should we offer sugar in the first two years of the child’s life. These actions will have greatly reduce the nutritional problems in the child, “recommends Ana.
According to the doctor, the child care feeding should continue so that the goal is reached in adulthood. “During the food introduction, the mother should give priority to healthy food in nature, and avoid processed and ultraprocessados as sandwich cookies, box of juice and manufactured baby foods. Should offer fruits and let the sugar side. Besides food, parents should also encourage physical activity from childhood. If the child grows with healthier habits, the chances of it being a healthy adult are huge. ”
To prevent obesity or malnutrition it takes to feed the most appropriate and healthy way. And a healthy diet is not composed of bad food or tasteless. “What’s to keep in mind is that instant noodles and fast food are not healthy and will not do well. A varied diet, rich in nutrients, colorful, food-based raw or minimally processed, such as rice, beans, legumes, fruits and vegetables is essential to a healthy life, “says Ana.
For many adults the difficulties impose some complicated barriers. “People have to make regular physical activity, but some live in a dangerous place and can not take a walk. Others need to wake up in the morning to get to work on time and lack of sleep also contributes to obesity, “explains the doctor.
Then there’s the issue of food prices. Unfortunately, too often the industrialized food ends up being cheaper than that in nature. You must find ways to circumvent the problems. A good option is to make a garden at home or go to the fair in the end, at the time of Xepa to seek foods with more affordable price. Worth the effort to achieve a healthier diet.
Tips for a healthy and adequate food:
Have a varied diet rich in foods raw or minimally processed.
Always the table fruits and vegetables.
Prepare your meals at home and, if necessary, freeze lunch or dinner in small portions.
Avoid saturated fats, salt, sugar and ultraprocessados food.
If in doubt, consult the Food Guide for the Brazilian population, the Ministry of Health. The publication guides you on appropriate and healthy eating habits that will contribute to the promotion of their health.
Check the Food Guide for the Brazilian Population
Photo: Karina Zambrana