One of the most important measures to be taken by those who want to quit smoking is to seek support of health professionals. According to the pulmonologist Cristina Cantarino, Coordinator of Tobacco Treatment Center of the National Cancer Institute José Alencar Gomes da Silva (INCA), few smokers can kick the cigarette alone.
“For some time, the recommendation was that the smoker should make an abrupt stop cigarette. If he can do that, great. But there are few who can stop without help a year, somewhere around 3% of regular smokers . There is also the possibility of gradual stop. the choice is made by the smoker with the help of health professionals that accompanies it. This is a specialized service, which is found free in the public health system, “says Cantarino. “There are several professionals such as doctors, psychologists, nurses, physiotherapists, dentists, -. All of them people trained by the Ministry of Health to make a multidisciplinary work a differentiated service profile is accurate and the National Program for Tobacco Control provides that.”
Since the late 1980s, the Ministry of Health, through INCA promotes the National Program for Tobacco Control. Free and offered throughout the Brazilian territory, the program aims to reduce smoking and mortality related to the consumption of tobacco products, following a model in which educational, communication, health care, associated with the legislative and economic if leverage to prevent the initiation of smoking, treat those who want to quit smoking and protect people from exposure to tobacco smoke.
»Meet the National Program for Tobacco Control
Often the ex-smoker needs medications to help in the process – and they should never be used without a medical indication. “Every person is a case and has a different degree of dependence. It is often necessary medical support, if used in combination with a good approach, the fundamental axis of treatment, reduces the craving for smoking and offers more confidence to the individual is leaving smoking. medications provided by the Ministry of Health for the treatment in the network of the Unified Health System (SUS) are the nicotine replacement therapy (patches and chewing gum) and bupropion hydrochloride. ”
KNOW HOW TO STOP SMOKING
The smoking cessation treatment is offered for free by the SUS. Call the number 136 and report in which basic health units and hospitals in their municipality treatment is available. “One can also go directly to the health department of your city and ask for treatment,” said Cantarino.
1. Have determination
2. Select a day to stop
3. Cut triggers smoke
4. Choose a method: abrupt or gradual
5. Find healthy substitutes
6. Get rid of cigarette memories
7. Find support from friends and family
8. Choose the best power
9. Seek medical advice
10. Converse in a support group