The cigarette is related to the worsening of various diseases that reduce life expectancy. Quitting smoking brings obvious beneficial to the elderly On one hand, cigarette smoking kills millions of people each year and decreases longevity, being a risk factor for numerous diseases, stop smoking causes beneficial effects evident in all age groups, including the elderly, especially in the quality and life expectancy.
Even as being elderly, the person who quits smoking will benefit from improvement in their quality of life. Tobacco use is related to the worsening of various diseases that may come with advancing age, such as cardiovascular disease.
The points out that many elderly smokers want to quit smoking, but the fact that they were smokers for many years increases and strengthens tobacco dependence, making the decision. One of the factors that contributes most to the elderly quit smoking is the emergence of diseases caused by tobacco use throughout life.
Among other damage, the cigarette smoker makes more elderly subject having airway irritation and may develop pulmonary emphysema, bronchitis and influenza which can lead to pneumonia.
Smoking is an addiction that as well as being a disease by itself produces other diseases, increasing the chances of cancer, cardiovascular and pulmonary diseases, among others. The sooner smokers quit, more health he will, and at the same time, less risk of disease caused by tobacco.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), smoking is the leading cause of preventable death in the world. Cigarette smoking is responsible for 63% of deaths related to chronic diseases. Of these, smoking is responsible for 85% of deaths from chronic lung disease (bronchitis and emphysema), 30% of related to various types of cancer (lung, mouth, larynx, pharynx, esophagus, pancreas, kidney, bladder, cervix , stomach and liver), 25% of coronary heart disease (angina and myocardial infarction) and 25% of cerebrovascular diseases (stroke).
The psychologist traces important differences, physical and mental point of view, to the phase characterized as seniors, that go beyond the physical frailty, as feelings of loss, fear and uncertainty. We must consider that tobacco occupied a large space in the remaining life of that person, and that it will have major difficulties in establishing another standard, create a routine in your life that does not include cigarette.
It is important to sensitize the old to quit smoking, but you need to understand their difficulties and motivate you to go winning them gradually. “This may be an encouraging way to overcome your limits. Quitting smoking is a process that can take some time to become effective.
Benefits of quitting smoking:
- Normalization of blood pressure after 20 minutes;
- – 50% drop of the levels of nicotine and carbon monoxide in the blood with normalization of blood oxygenation after 8 hours;
- – Improvement of smell and taste after 48 hours;
- – Improved ability to walk and run after 2-12 weeks;
- – Reduction of risk of stroke and heart attack similar to those who never smoked after 5 to 15 years.
- Learn the 10 steps to quit smoking:
1. Have determination
2. Select a day to stop
3. Cut triggers smoke
4. Choose a method: abrupt or gradual
5. Find healthy substitutes
6. Get rid of cigarette memories
7. Find support from friends and family
8. Choose the best power
9. Seek medical advice
10. Converse in a support group